The French DPA (“Convention judiciaire d’intérêt public”) on the way to simplification
On 4 August 2021, a new Decree was promulgated aiming to simplify formalities required for the conclusion of the CJIP between Public Prosecutors Office and the legal person concerned.
Since the Sapin II law on transparency, fighting corruption and modernisation of the economy published on 10 December 2016, the Judicial Public Interest Agreement (hereinafter “CJIP”) is an alternative to prosecution offered by a French Public Prosecutor to a legal entity targeted by criminal inquiries or investigations regarding a limited type of offenses which allows the latter to enter into an agreement and avoid criminal charges in exchange of a fine and the implementation of a compliance program.
Initially, it was intended to apply to a certain number of offenses such as corruption and influence peddling. However, since 2016, two additional laws and a decree had extended the scope of application of the CJIP to a certain number of tax and environmental offenses.
Yet, on 4 August 2021 and after some years of practice, a new Decree was promulgated aiming to simplify the formalities required for the conclusion of the CJIP between the Public Prosecutor’s Office and the legal person concerned.
The previous procedural framework made it mandatory for the French Public Prosecutor to address the offer of a CJIP via a registered letter with acknowledgement of receipt and to grant the legal entity with a time frame for its consideration. The legal representatives of the legal entity then had to inform the Public Prosecutor of the acceptance or refusal of the CJIP by letter or through a statement made by the latter to the Public Prosecutor, who would draw up a formal report .
The 2021 Decree repeals all of the above and instead provides that “the offer for a CJIP is signed by the public prosecutor and, if accepted, by the representatives or lawyers of the legal entity”. In that sense, the Decree implements the rights for the legal entity to be assisted by a counsel.
In the same vein, the obligation to pay the fine provided for in the CJIP with a certified cheque no longer applies .
The technical storage or access is strictly necessary for the legitimate purpose of enabling the use of a specific service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user, or for the sole purpose of carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network.
The technical storage or access is necessary for the legitimate purpose of storing preferences that are not requested by the subscriber or user.
The technical storage or access that is used exclusively for statistical purposes.The technical storage or access that is used exclusively for anonymous statistical purposes. Without a subpoena, voluntary compliance on the part of your Internet Service Provider, or additional records from a third party, information stored or retrieved for this purpose alone cannot usually be used to identify you.
The technical storage or access is required to create user profiles to send advertising, or to track the user on a website or across several websites for similar marketing purposes.